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Vol. 35. Issue 3.
Pages 157-165 (January 2011)
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Vol. 35. Issue 3.
Pages 157-165 (January 2011)
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Even more critical medicine: a retrospective analysis of casualties admitted to the intensive care unit in the Spanish Military Hospital in Herat (Afghanistan)
Medicina aún más crítica: análisis retrospectivo de las bajas atendidas en la UCI del Hospital Militar español de Herat (Afganistán)
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R. Navarro Suaya,
Corresponding author
r_navarro_suay@yahoo.es

Corresponding author.
, E. Bartolomé Celab, I. Jara Zozayac, A. Hernández Abadía de Barbaráb, C. Gutiérrez Ortegad, J.D. García Labajoe, A. Planas Rocaf, F. Gilsanz Rodríguezg
a Escuela Militar de Sanidad, Madrid, Spain
b Medicina Intensiva, Hospital Central de la Defensa, Madrid, Spain
c Medicina Intensiva, Hospital General de la Defensa, Zaragoza, Spain
d Servicio de Calidad y Medicina Preventiva, Hospital Central de la Defensa, Madrid, Spain
e Medicina Intensiva, Escuela Militar de Sanidad, Madrid, Spain
f Anestesiología, Reanimación y Terapéutica del Dolor, Hospital Universitario La Princesa, Madrid, Spain
g Anestesiología, Reanimación y Terapéutica del Dolor, President of the Sociedad Española de Anestesiología, Reanimación y Terapéutica
Article information
Abstract
Objective

To analyze casualties from firearm and explosives injuries who were admitted to the Intensive Care Unit in the Spanish ROLE-2E from December 2005 to December 2008 and to evaluate which damaging agent had produced the highest morbidity-mortality in our series using score indices with anatomical base (ISS and NISS).

Design

Observational and retrospective study performed between 2005 and 2008.

Setting

Polyvalent Intensive Care Unit in the Spanish Military Hospital of those deployed in Afghanistan.

Patients or participants

The inclusion criteria were all patients who had been wounded by firearm or by explosive devices and who had been admitted in ICU in Spanish Military Hospital in Herat (Afghanistan).

Intervention

The anatomic scores Injury Severity Score and the New Injury Severity Score (NISS) were applied to all the selected patients to estimate the grade of severity of their injuries.

Variables of interest

Independent: damaging agent, injured anatomical area, protection measures and dependent: mortality, surgical procedure applied, score severity and sociodemographics and control variables.

Results

Eighty-six casualties, 30 by firearm and 56 by explosive devices. Applying the NISS, 38% of the casualties had suffered severe injuries. Mean stay in the ICU was 2.8 days and mortality was 10%. Significant differences in admission to the ICU for the damaging agent were not observed (P = .142).

Conclusions

No significant differences were observed in the need for admission and stay in the ICU according to the damaging agent. The importance of the strategy, care and logistics of the intensive care military physician in Intensive Medicine in the Operating Room in Afghanistan is stressed.

Keywords:
Casualty
Firearm
IED
ISS
NISS
Afghanistan
ROLE
Resumen
Objetivo

Analizar las bajas por arma de fuego o por explosivo que ingresaron en la UCI del ROLE-2E español entre diciembre de 2005 y diciembre de 2008 y valorar mediante puntuaciones anatómicas de gravedad (ISS y NISS) cuál es el agente lesional que ha producido mayor morbimortalidad en nuestra serie.

Diseño

Estudio observacional retrospectivo efectuado entre los años 2005 y 2008.

Ámbito

Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos polivalente del Hospital Militar español desplegado en Afganistán.

Pacientes o participantes

El criterio de inclusión fue el de todos los pacientes que sufrieron heridas por arma de fuego o lesiones por artefacto explosivo y que fueron ingresados en la UCI del Hospital Militar español de Herat (Afganistán).

Intervenciones

A los pacientes seleccionados se les aplicó las puntuaciones anatómicas Injury Severity Score (ISS) y New Injury Severity Score (NISS) para estimar el grado de gravedad de sus lesiones.

Variables de interés

Independientes: agente lesional, área anatómica afectada, empleo de medios de protección, y dependientes: mortalidad, necesidad de intervención quirúrgica, gravedad según scores, y sociodemográficas y de control.

Resultados

Ochenta y seis bajas; 30 por arma de fuego y 56 por artefacto explosivo. El 38% estaba valorado como grave por NISS. La estancia media fue de 2,8 días y la mortalidad del 10%. No se observan diferencias significativas de ingresos en UCI según el agente lesional (p = 0,142).

Conclusiones

No se observan diferencias significativas en necesidad de ingreso y de la estancia en UCI según el agente causante de las lesiones. Se destaca la importancia táctica, asistencial y logística del médico militar especialista en medicina intensiva en el teatro de operaciones de Afganistán.

Palabras clave:
Baja
Arma de fuego
IED
ISS
NISS
Afganistán
ROLE
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Copyright © 2011. Elsevier y Sociedad Española de Medicina Intensiva, Critica y Unidades Coronarias
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